Personal Injury Attorney in Las Vegas Discusses the Diagnosing of Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)
Common TBI Symptoms
Any person who has sustained injury to the head should seek medical assistance immediately. A person may feel fine initially as the brain tries to protect itself and stay aware of any danger relating to the injury. Symptoms often worsen and new ones often arise following the initial injury. If you or someone you know has experienced any signs of a TBI, contact a personal injury attorney in Las Vegas immediately to learn what legal actions you can take. Common symptoms of traumatic brain injuries include:
- Balance problems
- Blurred vision
- Loss of eye movement
- Pain when exposed to bright light
- Loss of consciousness
- Dilated or unequally sized pupils
- Slow pulse
- Slow breathing rate
- Increased blood pressure
- Slurred speech
- Difficulty speaking
- Difficulty swallowing
- Ringing in ears
- Difficulty hearing
- Easily becoming frustrated
- Inappropriate laughing or crying
- Inappropriate emotional responses in general
- Difficulty thinking straight
- Memory problems
- Poor judgement
- Poor attention span
- Slowed thought processes
- Loss of consciousness
- Lack of breathing
- Coma or semicomatose state
- Loss of bladder or bowel control
Obviously even the most common symptoms are wide ranging in the part of functioning that is affected as well as the severity of the symptoms. Even if there are no symptoms, anyone that has a head injury should seek a medical evaluation.
How to Tell Someone May Have a TBI
With moderate to severe TBI, it’s more obvious that something is wrong and the diagnosis is essentially self evident. When there are many other injuries, such as in a severe car collision, TBI may be overlooked as more urgent lifesaving measures are being sought. It is not feasible to conduct an evaluation for brain damage if the patient is not conscious and operating on his or her own. In severe accidents, patients are often put on ventilators and severely medicated to sedate them. Once the patient has recovered enough to breath and think somewhat independently, then an evaluation may be conducted.
Mild TBI may not be diagnosable until the patient has encountered enough situations for the symptoms to become evident. Many times, changes in social interactions or the ability to complete tasks are the most observable symptoms of mild TBI. Thus, it is often necessary to observe the TBI sufferer in a social situation or attempting to complete common tasks before it becomes obvious that something is wrong. Because there are different types of TBI’s, it’s best to seek advice from a personal injury attorney in Las Vegas.
As TBI affects the brain, and the brain is responsible for a wide variety of tasks, TBI symptoms can affect various symptoms. Injury to the frontal lobe affects the brain’s ability to plan and think and may result in changes in a person’s inhibition, problem solving, social interactions, etc. Damage to the back of the brain may affect more basic abilities such as breathing, balance, coordination, etc.
While there are brain imaging techniques, such as MRI, CAT scans, and PET scans, the most useful tool is a detailed neuropsychological examination. The neuropsychological examination involves certain tasks that evaluates brain-behavior relationships from basic sensory-motor processes to higher cognitive tasks. The examination involves a wide range of psychological tests that measure brain functions involving an interview and observation. The tests specifically examine the following:
- Attention span
- Language skills
- New learning
- Mathematical reasoning
- Spatial perception
- Abstract thinking
- Organizational thinking
- Problem solving
- Social judgment
- Motor abilities
- Sensory awareness
- Emotional characteristics
- Psychological adjustment in general
After the examination, the neuropsychologist will meet with the patient as well as his or her family and discuss the findings. This discussion is very important as it defines exactly what damage has occurred and next steps. You should take notes or record this discussion to look back on during treatment and care. The neuropsychologist should specifically describe what skills have not been affected and what parts of the brain have been damaged. They should also explain the implications of this damage and what steps can be taken to try to remedy the neurological changes. Because treatment can be costly, depending on your case, you may be entitled to financial compensation. Contact a personal injury attorney in Las Vegas immediately to learn more.
How to Cope?
It can be very difficult to cope with a severe brain injury for both the injured party as well as family and friends. Since it can alter fundamental aspects of a person including their personality, individuals involved can feel lost and confused. Treatment can last years and may be very expensive. Neuropsychological evaluations just to determine what damage has been done are often costly and may not be covered by insurance. If your loved one’s injury was due to the behavior of another person, you are entitled to compensation to help pay for the costs associated with care. Speak to an experienced personal injury attorney in Las Vegas to learn about your options as soon as possible.
Speak to a Personal Injury Attorney in Las Vegas Today For Your Personal Injury Case
With over 15 years of experience handling traumatic brain injury cases throughout Las Vegas, you can trust Harris & Harris to take your case with excellent legal representation and exceptional customer service. We understand that traumatic brain injuries affect your life in multitude ways, which is why we’re here to help. Give us a call at (702) 384-1414 and speak to a personal injury attorney in Las Vegas. You can also fill out our online contact form here.